The reason and culprit behind tooth decay and gum disease is plaque, it is sticky combination of bacteria and food. It begins to build up on your teeth within a few minutes after eating food. If teeths are not cleaned every day, plaque will lead to either tooth decay or gum disease. If not cleaned properly, the plaque turns into a hard deposit called tartar that becomes trapped at the base of the tooth. Plaque and tartar irritate and inflame the gums. Bacteria and the toxins they produce cause the gums to become:
To prevent problems and disease such as tooth decay (caries) and gum disease (gingivitis or periodontitis) on should take good care of their teeth and gum. Therefore, it is duty and necessary, the parents should their children how to brush and floss from an early age to help them protect their teeth.
Plaque and tartar lead to a number of problems:
- Cavities are holes that damage the structure of teeth.
- Gingivitis is swollen, inflamed, and bleeding gums,
- Periodontitis is the destruction of the ligaments and bone that support the teeth, often leading to tooth loss.
- Bad Breath also medically known as Halitosis.
- Abscesses, pain, inability to use your teeth.
- Other health problems outside the mouth, ranging from preterm labor to heart disease.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR TEETH
Clean with no cavities are healthy teeth. Healthy gums are pink and firm, and do not bleed. To keep your teeth and gums healthy, follow these steps:
- Floss at least once per day. It is best to floss after brushing. Flossing removes plaque that is left behind after brushing from between the teeth and on the gums.
- Brush your teeth twice a day and use soft-bristled toothbrush. Brush for at least 2-3 minutes each time.
- Use fluoride toothpaste to strengthen your tooth enamel and helps to prevent tooth decay.
- Replace your toothbrush every 3 to 4 months or sooner if needed. A worn-out toothbrush will not clean your teeth as well.
- Eating healthy food will help you to get less expose to gum diseases.
- Avoid excess sweets and sweetened drinks. Intake of excess sweets increases your risk of cavities. You should brush your teeth immediately after eating or drink sweets.
- Do not smoke. Smokers have more teeth and gum problems than non-smokers.
- Keep dentures, retainers, and other appliances clean. This includes brushing them regularly. You may also need to soak them in a cleansing solution.
- Schedule regular check-ups with your dentist or dentist near by.
Regular teeth cleaning by a dentist removes plaque that may develop, even with careful brushing and flossing. This is very important for getting at areas that are hard to reach on your own. Professional cleaning and whitening of teeth includes scaling and polishing. This procedure uses instruments to loosen and remove deposits from the teeth. Routine exams may include dental x-rays. Your dentist can catch problems early, so they do not become more serious and expensive to fix.
Ask your dentist:
- What kind of toothbrush you should use, and how to brush your teeth well. Ask if an electric toothbrush is right for you. Electric toothbrushes have been shown to clean teeth better than manual toothbrushes. They often also have a timer to let you know when you have reached the 2 minute mark.
- How to properly floss your teeth. Overly vigorous or improper flossing may injure the gums.
- Whether you should use any special appliances or tools, such as water irrigation. This may sometimes help supplement (but not replace) brushing and flossing.
- Whether you could benefit from particular toothpastes or mouth rinses. In some cases, over-the-counter pastes and rinses may be doing you more harm than good, depending on your condition.
WHEN TO CALL THE DENTIST
When you have symptoms of a cavity in tooth that include:
- Pain in the tooth that occurs for no reason or is caused by food, beverages, brushing or flossing
- Sensitivity to hot or cold foods or drinks
Get early treatment for gum disease. Call your dentist if you have symptoms of gum disease that include:
- Red or swollen gums
- Bleeding in the gums when you brush your teeth
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Drifting teeth